Fat injection procedure consists in grafting the fat cells harvested from the patient’s body to another part with a needle. Although it is often used as a filler to correct wrinkles, it can also be used to increase the volume of other areas of the body such as buttocks, breasts, legs and genital area. The donor area is usually the abdomen.
In the past, the skin rejuvenation was clearly visible, especially on the face area, a few months following the fat injections. As a result of the scientific research done in the past years, it has been proven that the fat cells are the richest source of stem cells in the body. Stem cells are the cells that are not yet mature and when transferred to damaged areas in need, they can mature as muscle, nerve or skin cells, completing the missing tissue. In fact, the procedure performed during fat injections is the transfer of extremely rich stem cells to the target area at the same time. Fat injections ensure not only volume and contouring, but also offer a visible rejuvenation. The injected fat cells will adapt to their new environment and remain alive. Today with the advancements in fat transfer techniques, viability ratio of the transferred fat cells are considerably higher and long lasting results are obtained.
There are several techniques and tools for fat injection procedures. The fat tissue is basically extracted with special liposuction injectors, transferred to another injector and re-injected to their new location. In both stages, incisions and sutures are not necessary; the procedure can be done under local anesthesia and sedation. The key to success is to perform the procedure in hospital environment and to leave the hospital after a few hours of rest.
The success of this procedure depends completely on the technique and the tools to be used. Until recently, melting away of the injected fat was practically a rule. However there have been considerable advancements during the past few years and the likelihood of their viability is much higher. I use a special, custom made closed system for fat transfer procedures. In this system, harvested cells do not come into contact with air and are injected to the target area very quickly. The patients I have been following for years after the procedure agree with me on the high durability of my technique.
Fat injections are most often used in the facial area. Cheekbones, drooping mid-face, tip of the chin, eyebrows, temples and of course, folds and wrinkles around the mouth (marionette lines) are the facial areas where I most frequently perform fat injection procedures. They can however be used in nearly any area of the body.
They offer considerably good results in the treatment of breast asymmetries, to correct bowed legs, reshape buttocks and plump the outer lips of female genital area.